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evidence in criminal proceedings.
terms & conditions
can contact us on 01942 522946
- if you are the defendant, get your solicitor to contact
us. Alternatively you can email
We offer a
comprehensive case analysis, involving detailed consideration
of all relevant documentary evidence including:
statements - when and where items seized, continuity,
-consumption levels, price paid, nature of offence
evidence - familiarity with common forensic techniques
in drugs analysis, examination of laboratory casenotes
for additional data, comment on validity of conclusions
in witness statements.
- IMPORTANT !!!! Force Policy
to Destroy Evidence (Cannabis Plants)
of exhibits (findings of fact): quality of cannabis
varieties, identification of cannabis resin varieties,
grades of herbal cannabis (leaf, imported, 'skunk')
yields and phenotype of cannabis plants significance
of paraphernalia (sensitivity of scales etc) whether
e.g. cannabis resin has been partially used (from surface
characteristics) weights of individual packages within
with detailed specifications can be arranged with the
Forensic Science Service or private analytical laboratories.
Opinion - comment, based on experience and/or
referenced source materials, can be provided on a number
of areas including the following:
of drugs - levels of use among casual and heavy users,
from survey data and literature reviews. Would state
how long a given variety of drug would last different
types of user, level of consumption required to consume
cannabis crops over growth cycles, whether claimed consumption
falls within a common range or documented limits.
patterns - how and how often drugs are bought, common
reasons for purchases to sustain longer-term use, shelf-life,
of drugs - based on reported prices in our own drug
user surveys at different levels of the market, internal
police/customs price lists.
- review of forensic/Home Office data, average purities
of powders, impurities in tablets, potencies and user-ratings
of different cannabis varieties.
- significance of items seized (or not seized) in inference
- Yields of
cannabis plants/crops - examination of photographic
evidence, plants and growing equipment, diaries or documentary
evidence in order to determine:
(variety) of plant (based on examination of appearance,
gross morphology, odour etc)
of total foliage, leaf and flowering tops
cycles in individual cases and/or in general
of cultivation (e.g. from electricity records)
Powders - Interpretation of forensic data re purities
and composition of different drugs including amphetamine,
heroin, cocaine. Confirmation or exclusion of links
between different seizures of powders. Packaging methods,
significance of wraps & paraphernalia (e.g. differences
between used and unused wraps).
(Ecstasy etc) - Interpretation of motifs on 'ecstasy'
tablets, previous test results of genuine and bogus
tablets, availability and significance of DIY testing
kits. Marketing of alternatives (e.g. ketamine). Valuations
& consumption, interpretation of forensic evidence.
Mushrooms - Legal position - evidence of preparation.
Data on use, acquisition patterns, valuations, effects
OF DRUGS - These involve comprehensive reviews
of literature on effects of cannabis and other drugs on
health and behaviour.
Cannabis Use - Scientific literature reviews, including
historical, political and legal aspects, of cannabinoids
are available for a variety of medical conditions including.
Multiple Sclerosis, Pain relief, Epilepsy, Muscle Spasms,
Asthma, easing opiate or alcohol withdrawal, stress
relief, depression, irritable bowel syndrome, Huntington's
chorea. We expect to be able to offer comment on the
following areas in due course: Glaucoma, Appetite Stimulation,
Nausea, Cancer Chemotherapy.
- Drugs and
Driving - Effects of cannabis on driving ability in
laboratory, simulator and actual driving situations,
road accident statistics, culpability analysis studies.
Significance of blood/saliva/urine test results, detection
times for drug/metabolites, false positives, passive
exposure etc. Reviews also available for cocaine.
- Drugs in
the Workplace - Testing methods, false positives, detection
times, effects on performance.
- Drugs and
Behaviour - Crimes committed under the influence of
drugs, effects on aggression of amphetamine, cocaine,
steroids, LSD etc. Effects of drugs on fitness for interview
(e.g. ecstasy intoxication, heroin withdrawal)
Drug Issues - If we don't have the information
immediately to hand, we can usually either find this within
24 hours, or advise where the information can be found.
Abstract Service - We can search the literature
databases by key word and provide lists of scientific
papers and/or abstracts by fax or e-mail.
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Ltd 1994 - 2008